Health in All Policies

Terms Relating to Health in All Policies

  • Health in All Policies

    Health in All Policies is an integrated and comprehensive approach to bring health, well-being, and equity considerations into the development and implementation of policies, programs, and services of traditionally non-health related government systems or agencies (National Association of County and City Health Officials).

  • Social Determinants of Health

    Social Determinants of Health are the the complex, integrated, and overlapping social structures and economic systems that are responsible for most health inequities. These social structures and economic systems include the social environment, physical environment, health services, and structural and societal factors. Social determinants of health are shaped by the distribution of money, power and resources throughout local communities, nations and the world (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention).

  • Equity

    Equity is the just and fair inclusion into a society in which all can participate, prosper, and reach their full potential (W.K. Kellogg Foundation).

  • Sustainability

    Sustainability is the ability to meet present needs without compromising ability to meet the needs of people in the future (Public Health Institute).

  • Vulnerable Communities

    Vulnerable Communities include, but are not limited to, women, racial/ethnic population, low-income individuals and families, individuals who have been incarcerated, individuals with disabilities, individuals with mental health conditions, children, youth, and young adults, seniors, immigrants and refugees, limited-English proficient, and lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer (LGBTQ) communities, or any combinations of these (City of Richmond, CA City Ordinance).

  • Oppression

    Oppression is the act of using power to empower and/or privilege a group at the expense of disempowering, marginalizing, silencing, and subordinating another. Oppression can be personal, interpersonal, institutional or cultural.

  • Health Equity

    Health Equity is a fair, just distribution of the social resources and social opportunities needed to achieve well-being (Ingham County).

  • Health Inequity

    Health Inequity is a difference or disparity in health outcomes that is systematic, avoidable, and unjust (CDC).

  • Health Disparities

    Health Disparities are preventable, unnatural, and unjust differences in health outcomes or access to health across distinct segments of the populations. This may include differences that occur by race or ethnicity, gender identity, sexual orientation, socioeconomic status, immigration status, disability or functional impairment, geographic location, or a combination of any of these (Healthy People 2020, City of Richmond, CA Ordinance).

  • Health Impact Assessment (HIA)

    Health Impact Assessment (HIA) is a structured process that uses scientific data, professional expertise, and stakeholder input to identify and evaluate public health consequences of proposals and suggest actions that could be taken to minimize adverse health impacts and optimize beneficial ones (National Research Council).

  • Population Health

    Population Health is the health outcomes of a group of individuals including the distribution of such outcomes within the group. The approach aims to improve the health of an entire population.