Health in All Policies

Five Key Elements of Health in All Policies

There is no one right way to implement HiAP. It is dependent upon each community and what suits its needs best. The Five Key Elements of HiAP serve as a guide for discussion and execution:


Promote health, equity, and sustainability.

Health in All Policies promotes health, equity, and sustainability through two avenues:

  1. incorporating health, equity, and sustainability into specific policies, programs, and processes, and
  2. embedding health, equity, and sustainability considerations into government decision-making processes so that healthy public policy becomes the normal way of doing business.


Support intersectoral collaboration.

Health in All Policies brings together partners from the many sectors that play a major role in shaping the economic, physical, and social environments in which people live, and therefore have an important role to play in promoting health, equity, and sustainability. A Health in All Policies approach focuses on deep and ongoing collaboration.


Benefit multiple partners.

Health in All Policies values co-benefits and win-wins. Health in All Polices initiatives endeavor to simultaneously address the policy and programmatic goals of both public health and other agencies by finding and implementing strategies that benefit multiple partners.


Engage stakeholders.

Health in All Policies engages many stakeholders, including community members, policy experts, advocates, the private sector, and funders, to ensure that work is responsive to community needs and to identify policy and systems changes necessary to create meaningful and impactful health improvements.


Create structural or process change.

Over time, Health in All Policies work leads to institutionalizing a Health in All Policies approach throughout the whole of government. This involves permanent changes in how agencies relate to each other and how government decisions are made, structures for intersectoral collaboration, and mechanisms to ensure a health lens in decision-making processes.

Resources are provided for further research and brainstorming on how to implement HiAP in the Tools for Advancement of Health Equity and HiAP and in the Resources and Acknowledgement tabs.